Spiny Softshell Apalone spinifera

Literature

Brodman, R., M. Gramhofer, A. Marsh, M. S. Finkler, and J. Horton 2014. Apalone spinifera. Spiny Softshell. Geographic distribution (Hamilton County). Herpetological Review 45:279.

Conant, R. and J. T . Collins. 1998. Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Third Edition, Expanded. Houghton Mifflin, New York, New York

Ernst, C. H. and J. E. Lovich. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Second Edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD

Hoffman, A. and S. Shepard 2014. Apalone spinifera. Spiny Softshell. Geographic distribution (Franklin County). Herpetological Review 45:88-89.

Minton, S. A. Jr. 2001. Amphibians and Reptiles of Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science, Indianapolis, IN

Pierson, T. W. 2012. Apalone spinifera. Spiny Softshell. Geographic distribution. Herpetological Review 43.2:302.

Distribution Map
Distribution map of Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera)
Photographs