Identification: Scarletsnakes are not likely to be encountered in Indiana and have never been observed outside of Floyd County. They are small white-gray snakes with red dorsal blotches and a pointed snout (used for burrowing). They are smaller than most other snakes with similar patterning with adults reaching lengths of around two feet (60 cm) long.
Similar Species: Scarletsnakes are most likely to be confused with eastern milksnakes. However, scarletsnakes have more pointed snouts, immaculate white bellies (milksnakes usually have patterned underbellies), and a mostly red head.
Distribution: It is likely that this species was never common in Indiana, and is now extirpated. During the mid-1900's, an adult scarletsnake was found along railroad tracks on a steep forested slope in Floyd County and two juveniles were found under rocks on a nearby glade. In Kentucky, scarletsnakes are found in similar habitat on and around open, rocky glades. These snakes are burrowers that could be overlooked in such a small, rugged part of the state. However, repeated and targeted survey efforts have not turned up any additional scarletsnakes and they are considered endangered in Indiana.