Eastern Mud Turtle Kinosternon subrubrum

Description: This is a small, brown turtle with a highly-domed shell. Unlike Stinkpots, they don't have two stripes on the face. They have a relatively small plastron, but unlike Stinkpots, it has two hinges forming a "K" shape (for Kinosternon)/

Distribution: Mud Turtles have an odd distribution in Indiana. They are found only in the NW and SW parts of the state, and they are relatively uncommon in both places.

Activity: Mud Turtles mostly found between early spring and late fall.

Taxonomy: Indiana's Mud Turtle are of the subspecies K. s. subrubrum and are one of two representatives of the family Kinosternidae.

Ecology: These turtles are found in ponds, swamps, and ephemeral wetlands. They are less aquatic than Stinkpots and can wander between temporary bodies of water.

They feed primarily on small fish, insects, and crustaceans.


Conant, R. and J. T . Collins. 1998. Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Third Edition, Expanded. Houghton Mifflin, New York, New York

Ernst, C. H. and J. E. Lovich. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Second Edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD

Minton, S. A. Jr. 2001. Amphibians and Reptiles of Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science, Indianapolis, IN

Distribution Map
Distribution map of Eastern Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum)