Smooth Greensnake Opheodrys vernalis - Endangered

Adult from Lake County
Subadult from Lake County

Identification: This distinctively beautiful snake is bright green with glossy smooth scales and a whitish underbelly. Adults are relatively small, rarely exceeding two feet (60 cm) in length.

Similar Species: Like its southern counterpart, the rough greensnake. the bright green color of this snake is unique. While rough greensnakes are found throughout much of southern Indiana, this species is restricted to the northwestern corner of the state.

Distribution: Smooth greensnakes are found in northwestern Indiana, where they inhabit remnant prairie and oak savanna habitat. Given that these habitats have been much reduced by human encroachment, smooth greensnakes are now rare in the state and occur in the few remaining prairie patches, along railroad right of ways, and in old fields and abandoned lots. They are listed as endangered in Indiana.

Wet prairie from Lake County
Shrubby Meadow from Lake County

Distribution Map
Distribution map of Smooth Greensnake (Opheodrys vernalis)